If you have a setup using Cloudflare (or any other reverse proxy service) and you are using $_SERVER[“HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP”] or such thing istead of $_SERVER[“REMOTE_ADDR”] in PHP to get the real visitor IP, as suggested on some forums, then you are on the wrong path. This advice, I heve seen on some forums, is definitely not the correct way of getting the real visitor IP.
Ideally, in PHP, $_SERVER[“REMOTE_ADDR”] should always reflect real visitor IP, not Cloudflare’s IP (or your reverse Proxy service’s IP). Using $_SERVER[“HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP”] in PHP should not be a workaround.
If your http server does not know the real visitor IP, then this will have consequences:
- Your web server logs will be messed up with Cloudflare IP addresses.
- Any connection/resource limit on http server will not work correctly.
- Your PHP script can be cheated (with fake IP addresses) if Cloudflare IP range check is not implemented.
Cloudflare sends visitor IP in CF-Connecting-IP header and this must be ideally handled at server level, and not by PHP. For Nginx ngx_real_ip modüle, and for Apache, mod_remoteip or mod_cloudflare module handles this job pretty well.
With Nginx this should be achieved as:
real_ip_header CF-Connecting-IP; set_real_ip_from 22.214.171.124/22; set_real_ip_from 126.96.36.199/18; set_real_ip_from 188.8.131.52/20; ...
With such configuration the web server gets the real ip from CF-Connecting-IP, logs the real IP correctly, applies IP specific connection limits without any problems, passes the correct IP to PHP’s , $_SERVER[“REMOTE_ADDR”] and internally handles all the situation with real visitor IP.
The set_real_ip_from directives here, define the trusted addresses that are known to send correct replacement addresses to prevent anyone spoofing her IP by sending fake CF-Connecting-IP headers.
The only problem here is dynamically updating Cloudflare IP address ranges. There is a ready-to-use script and also a Docker image which can be used for this purpose.
Apache has also its own generic solution, mod_remoteip:
<IfModule mod_remoteip.c> RemoteIPHeader CF-Connecting-IP RemoteIPTrustedProxy 184.108.40.206/22 RemoteIPTrustedProxy 220.127.116.11/18 RemoteIPTrustedProxy 18.104.22.168/20 ... </IfModule>
If the CDN here is just Cloudflare, there is also an official tool which does the same thing for Apache, called mod_cloudflare.
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